Note

This documentation is under construction and documents the 2.x alpha versions of web3.js. The current stable version of web3.js is 1.0 and should get preferred for production use cases.

web3.eth.personal

The web3-eth-personal package allows you to interact with the Ethereum node’s accounts.

Note

Many of these functions send sensitive information, like password. Never call these functions over a unsecured Websocket or HTTP provider, as your password will be sent in plain text!

import Web3 from 'web3';
import {Personal} from 'web3-eth-personal';

// "Web3.givenProvider" will be set if in an Ethereum supported browser.
const personal = new Personal(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://some.local-or-remote.node:8546', null, options);


// or using the web3 umbrella package
const web3 = new Web3(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://some.local-or-remote.node:8546', null, options);

// -> web3.eth.personal

options

An Web3 module does provide several options for configuring the transaction confirmation worklfow or for defining default values. These are the currently available option properties on a Web3 module:

Example

import Web3 from 'web3';

const options = {
    defaultAccount: '0x0',
    defaultBlock: 'latest',
    defaultGas: 1,
    defaultGasPrice: 0,
    transactionBlockTimeout: 50,
    transactionConfirmationBlocks: 24,
    transactionPollingTimeout: 480,
    transactionSigner: new CustomTransactionSigner()
}

const web3 = new Web3('http://localhost:8545', null, options);

defaultBlock

web3.defaultBlock
web3.eth.defaultBlock
web3.shh.defaultBlock
...

The default block is used for all methods which have a block parameter. You can override it by passing the block parameter if a block is required.

Example:

Returns

The defaultBlock property can return the following values:

  • Number: A block number
  • "genesis" - String: The genesis block
  • "latest" - String: The latest block (current head of the blockchain)
  • "pending" - String: The currently mined block (including pending transactions)

Default is "latest"


defaultAccount

web3.defaultAccount
web3.eth.defaultAccount
web3.shh.defaultAccount
...

This default address is used as the default "from" property, if no "from" property is specified.

Returns

String - 20 Bytes: Any Ethereum address. You need to have the private key for that address in your node or keystore. (Default is undefined)


defaultGasPrice

web3.defaultGasPrice
web3.eth.defaultGasPrice
web3.shh.defaultGasPrice
...

The default gas price which will be used for a request.

Returns

string|number: The current value of the defaultGasPrice property.


defaultGas

web3.defaultGas
web3.eth.defaultGas
web3.shh.defaultGas
...

The default gas which will be used for a request.

Returns

string|number: The current value of the defaultGas property.


transactionBlockTimeout

web3.transactionBlockTimeout
web3.eth.transactionBlockTimeout
web3.shh.transactionBlockTimeout
...

The transactionBlockTimeout will be used over a socket based connection. This option does define the amount of new blocks it should wait until the first confirmation happens. This means the PromiEvent rejects with a timeout error when the timeout got exceeded.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionBlockTimeout


transactionConfirmationBlocks

web3.transactionConfirmationBlocks
web3.eth.transactionConfirmationBlocks
web3.shh.transactionConfirmationBlocks
...

This defines the number of blocks it requires until a transaction will be handled as confirmed.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionConfirmationBlocks


transactionPollingTimeout

web3.transactionPollingTimeout
web3.eth.transactionPollingTimeout
web3.shh.transactionPollingTimeout
...

The transactionPollingTimeout will be used over a HTTP connection. This option does define the amount of polls (each second) it should wait until the first confirmation happens.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionPollingTimeout


transactionSigner

web3.eth.transactionSigner
...

The transactionSigner property does provide us the possibility to customize the signing process of the Eth module and the related sub-modules.

The interface of a TransactionSigner:

interface TransactionSigner {
    sign(txObject: Transaction): Promise<SignedTransaction>
}

interface SignedTransaction {
    messageHash: string,
    v: string,
    r: string,
    s: string,
    rawTransaction: string
}

Returns

TransactionSigner: A JavaScript class of type TransactionSigner.


setProvider

web3.setProvider(myProvider)
web3.eth.setProvider(myProvider)
web3.shh.setProvider(myProvider)
...

Will change the provider for its module.

Note

When called on the umbrella package web3 it will also set the provider for all sub modules web3.eth, web3.shh, etc.

Parameters

  1. Object|String - provider: a valid provider
  2. Net - net: (optional) the node.js Net package. This is only required for the IPC provider.

Returns

Boolean

Example

import Web3 from 'web3';

const web3 = new Web3('http://localhost:8545');

// or
const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider('http://localhost:8545'));

// change provider
web3.setProvider('ws://localhost:8546');
// or
web3.setProvider(new Web3.providers.WebsocketProvider('ws://localhost:8546'));

// Using the IPC provider in node.js
const net = require('net');
const web3 = new Web3('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net); // mac os path

// or
const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.IpcProvider('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net)); // mac os path
// on windows the path is: '\\\\.\\pipe\\geth.ipc'
// on linux the path is: '/users/myuser/.ethereum/geth.ipc'

providers

Web3.providers
Eth.providers
...

Contains the current available providers.

Value

Object with the following providers:

  • Object - HttpProvider: The HTTP provider is deprecated, as it won’t work for subscriptions.
  • Object - WebsocketProvider: The Websocket provider is the standard for usage in legacy browsers.
  • Object - IpcProvider: The IPC provider is used node.js dapps when running a local node. Gives the most secure connection.

Example

const Web3 = require('web3');
// use the given Provider, e.g in Mist, or instantiate a new websocket provider
const web3 = new Web3(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://localhost:8546');
// or
const web3 = new Web3(Web3.givenProvider || new Web3.providers.WebsocketProvider('ws://localhost:8546'));

// Using the IPC provider in node.js
const net = require('net');

const web3 = new Web3('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net); // mac os path
// or
const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.IpcProvider('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net)); // mac os path
// on windows the path is: '\\\\.\\pipe\\geth.ipc'
// on linux the path is: '/users/myuser/.ethereum/geth.ipc'

givenProvider

Web3.givenProvider
web3.eth.givenProvider
web3.shh.givenProvider
...

When using web3.js in an Ethereum compatible browser, it will set with the current native provider by that browser. Will return the given provider by the (browser) environment, otherwise null.

Returns

Object: The given provider set or false.

Example

web3.setProvider(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://localhost:8546');

currentProvider

web3.currentProvider
web3.eth.currentProvider
web3.shh.currentProvider
...

Will return the current provider.

Returns

Object: The current provider set.

Example

if (!web3.currentProvider) {
    web3.setProvider('http://localhost:8545');
}

BatchRequest

new web3.BatchRequest()
new web3.eth.BatchRequest()
new web3.shh.BatchRequest()
...

Class to create and execute batch requests.

Parameters

none

Returns

Object: With the following methods:

  • add(request): To add a request object to the batch call.
  • execute(): Will execute the batch request.

Example

const contract = new web3.eth.Contract(abi, address);

const batch = new web3.BatchRequest();
batch.add(web3.eth.getBalance.request('0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000', 'latest'));
batch.add(contract.methods.balance(address).call.request({from: '0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000'}));
batch.execute().then(...);

newAccount

web3.eth.personal.newAccount(password, [callback])

Create a new account on the node that Web3 is connected to with its provider. The RPC method used is personal_newAccount. It differs from web3.eth.accounts.create() where the key pair is created only on client and it’s up to the developer to manage it.

Note

Never call this function over a unsecured Websocket or HTTP provider, as your password will be send in plain text!

Parameters

  1. password - String: The password to encrypt this account with.

Returns

Promise<string> - The address of the newly created account.

Example

web3.eth.personal.newAccount('!@superpassword')
.then(console.log);
> '0x1234567891011121314151617181920212223456'

sign

web3.eth.personal.sign(dataToSign, address, password [, callback])

Signs data using a specific account. This data is before UTF-8 HEX decoded and enveloped as follows: "\x19Ethereum Signed Message:\n" + message.length + message.

Note

Sending your account password over an unsecured HTTP RPC connection is highly unsecure.

Parameters

  1. String - Data to sign. If String it will be converted using web3.utils.utf8ToHex.
  2. String - Address to sign data with.
  3. String - The password of the account to sign data with.
  4. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The signature.

Example

web3.eth.personal.sign("Hello world", "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe", "test password!")
.then(console.log);
> "0x30755ed65396facf86c53e6217c52b4daebe72aa4941d89635409de4c9c7f9466d4e9aaec7977f05e923889b33c0d0dd27d7226b6e6f56ce737465c5cfd04be400"

// the below is the same
web3.eth.personal.sign(web3.utils.utf8ToHex("Hello world"), "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe", "test password!")
.then(console.log);
> "0x30755ed65396facf86c53e6217c52b4daebe72aa4941d89635409de4c9c7f9466d4e9aaec7977f05e923889b33c0d0dd27d7226b6e6f56ce737465c5cfd04be400"

ecRecover

web3.eth.personal.ecRecover(dataThatWasSigned, signature [, callback])

Recovers the account that signed the data.

Parameters

  1. String - Data that was signed. If String it will be converted using web3.utils.utf8ToHex.
  2. String - The signature.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The account.

Example

web3.eth.personal.ecRecover("Hello world", "0x30755ed65396facf86c53e6217c52b4daebe72aa4941d89635409de4c9c7f9466d4e9aaec7977f05e923889b33c0d0dd27d7226b6e6f56ce737465c5cfd04be400").then(console.log);
> "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe"

signTransaction

web3.eth.personal.signTransaction(transaction, password [, callback])

Signs a transaction. This account needs to be unlocked.

Note

Sending your account password over an unsecured HTTP RPC connection is highly unsecure.

Parameters

  1. Object - The transaction data to sign web3.eth.sendTransaction() for more.
  2. String - The password of the from account, to sign the transaction with.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<Object> - The RLP encoded transaction. The raw property can be used to send the transaction using web3.eth.sendSignedTransaction.

Example

web3.eth.signTransaction({
    from: "0xEB014f8c8B418Db6b45774c326A0E64C78914dC0",
    gasPrice: "20000000000",
    gas: "21000",
    to: '0x3535353535353535353535353535353535353535',
    value: "1000000000000000000",
    data: ""
}, 'MyPassword!').then(console.log);
> {
    raw: '0xf86c808504a817c800825208943535353535353535353535353535353535353535880de0b6b3a76400008025a04f4c17305743700648bc4f6cd3038ec6f6af0df73e31757007b7f59df7bee88da07e1941b264348e80c78c4027afc65a87b0a5e43e86742b8ca0823584c6788fd0',
    tx: {
        nonce: '0x0',
        gasPrice: '0x4a817c800',
        gas: '0x5208',
        to: '0x3535353535353535353535353535353535353535',
        value: '0xde0b6b3a7640000',
        input: '0x',
        v: '0x25',
        r: '0x4f4c17305743700648bc4f6cd3038ec6f6af0df73e31757007b7f59df7bee88d',
        s: '0x7e1941b264348e80c78c4027afc65a87b0a5e43e86742b8ca0823584c6788fd0',
        hash: '0xda3be87732110de6c1354c83770aae630ede9ac308d9f7b399ecfba23d923384'
    }
}

sendTransaction

web3.eth.personal.sendTransaction(transactionOptions, password [, callback])

This method sends a transaction over the management API.

Note

Sending your account password over an unsecured HTTP RPC connection is highly unsecure.

Parameters

  1. Object - The transaction options
  2. String - The passphrase for the current account
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The transaction hash.

Example

web3.eth.sendTransaction({
    from: "0xEB014f8c8B418Db6b45774c326A0E64C78914dC0",
    gasPrice: "20000000000",
    gas: "21000",
    to: '0x3535353535353535353535353535353535353535',
    value: "1000000000000000000",
    data: ""
}, 'MyPassword!').then(console.log);
> '0xda3be87732110de6c1354c83770aae630ede9ac308d9f7b399ecfba23d923384'

unlockAccount

web3.eth.personal.unlockAccount(address, password, unlockDuraction [, callback])

Unlocks the given account.

Note

Sending your account password over an unsecured HTTP RPC connection is highly unsecure.

Parameters

  1. address - String: The account address.
  2. password - String - The password of the account.
  3. unlockDuration - Number - The duration for the account to remain unlocked.
  4. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<boolean> - True if the account got unlocked successful otherwise false.

Example

web3.eth.personal.unlockAccount("0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe", "test password!", 600)
.then(console.log('Account unlocked!'));
> "Account unlocked!"

lockAccount

web3.eth.personal.lockAccount(address [, callback])

Locks the given account.

Note

Sending your account password over an unsecured HTTP RPC connection is highly unsecure.

Parameters

1. address - String: The account address. 4. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<boolean>

Example

web3.eth.personal.lockAccount("0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe")
.then(console.log('Account locked!'));
> "Account locked!"

getAccounts

web3.eth.personal.getAccounts([callback])

Returns a list of accounts the node controls by using the provider and calling the RPC method personal_listAccounts. Using web3.eth.accounts.create() will not add accounts into this list. For that use web3.eth.personal.newAccount().

The results are the same as web3.eth.getAccounts() except that calls the RPC method eth_accounts.

Returns

Promise<Array> - An array of addresses controlled by node.

Example

web3.eth.personal.getAccounts()
.then(console.log);
> ["0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe", "0xDCc6960376d6C6dEa93647383FfB245CfCed97Cf"]

importRawKey

web3.eth.personal.importRawKey(privateKey, password)

Imports the given private key into the key store, encrypting it with the passphrase.

Returns the address of the new account.

Note

Sending your account password over an unsecured HTTP RPC connection is highly unsecure.

Parameters

  1. privateKey - String - An unencrypted private key (hex string).
  2. password - String - The password of the account.

Returns

Promise<string> - The address of the account.

Example

web3.eth.personal.importRawKey("cd3376bb711cb332ee3fb2ca04c6a8b9f70c316fcdf7a1f44ef4c7999483295e", "password1234")
.then(console.log);
> "0x8f337bf484b2fc75e4b0436645dcc226ee2ac531"