Note

This documentation is under construction and documents the 2.x alpha versions of web3.js. The current stable version of web3.js is 1.0 and should get preferred for production use cases.

web3.eth

The web3-eth package allows you to interact with an Ethereum blockchain itself and the deployed smart contracts.

import Web3 from 'web3';
import {Eth} from 'web3-eth';

// "Web3.givenProvider" will be set if in an Ethereum supported browser.
const eth = new Eth(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://some.local-or-remote.node:8546', null, options);


// or using the web3 umbrella package

const web3 = new Web3(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://some.local-or-remote.node:8546', null, options);

// -> web3.eth

Note on checksum addresses

All Ethereum addresses returned by functions of this package are returned as checksum addresses. This means some letters are uppercase and some are lowercase. Based on that it will calculate a checksum for the address and prove its correctness. Incorrect checksum addresses will throw an error when passed into functions. If you want to circumvent the checksum check you can make an address all lower- or uppercase.

Example

web3.eth.getAccounts(console.log);
> ["0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe" ,"0x85F43D8a49eeB85d32Cf465507DD71d507100C1d"]

subscribe

For web3.eth.subscribe see the Subscribe reference documentation


Contract

For web3.eth.Contract see the Contract reference documentation


Iban

For web3.eth.Iban see the Iban reference documentation


personal

For web3.eth.personal see the personal reference documentation


accounts

For web3.eth.accounts see the accounts reference documentation


ens

For web3.eth.ens see the Ens reference documentation


abi

For web3.eth.abi see the ABI reference documentation


net

For web3.eth.net see the net reference documentation


options

An Web3 module does provide several options for configuring the transaction confirmation worklfow or for defining default values. These are the currently available option properties on a Web3 module:

Example

import Web3 from 'web3';

const options = {
    defaultAccount: '0x0',
    defaultBlock: 'latest',
    defaultGas: 1,
    defaultGasPrice: 0,
    transactionBlockTimeout: 50,
    transactionConfirmationBlocks: 24,
    transactionPollingTimeout: 480,
    transactionSigner: new CustomTransactionSigner()
}

const web3 = new Web3('http://localhost:8545', null, options);

defaultBlock

web3.defaultBlock
web3.eth.defaultBlock
web3.shh.defaultBlock
...

The default block is used for all methods which have a block parameter. You can override it by passing the block parameter if a block is required.

Example:

Returns

The defaultBlock property can return the following values:

  • Number: A block number
  • "genesis" - String: The genesis block
  • "latest" - String: The latest block (current head of the blockchain)
  • "pending" - String: The currently mined block (including pending transactions)

Default is "latest"


defaultAccount

web3.defaultAccount
web3.eth.defaultAccount
web3.shh.defaultAccount
...

This default address is used as the default "from" property, if no "from" property is specified.

Returns

String - 20 Bytes: Any Ethereum address. You need to have the private key for that address in your node or keystore. (Default is undefined)


defaultGasPrice

web3.defaultGasPrice
web3.eth.defaultGasPrice
web3.shh.defaultGasPrice
...

The default gas price which will be used for a request.

Returns

string|number: The current value of the defaultGasPrice property.


defaultGas

web3.defaultGas
web3.eth.defaultGas
web3.shh.defaultGas
...

The default gas which will be used for a request.

Returns

string|number: The current value of the defaultGas property.


transactionBlockTimeout

web3.transactionBlockTimeout
web3.eth.transactionBlockTimeout
web3.shh.transactionBlockTimeout
...

The transactionBlockTimeout will be used over a socket based connection. This option does define the amount of new blocks it should wait until the first confirmation happens. This means the PromiEvent rejects with a timeout error when the timeout got exceeded.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionBlockTimeout


transactionConfirmationBlocks

web3.transactionConfirmationBlocks
web3.eth.transactionConfirmationBlocks
web3.shh.transactionConfirmationBlocks
...

This defines the number of blocks it requires until a transaction will be handled as confirmed.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionConfirmationBlocks


transactionPollingTimeout

web3.transactionPollingTimeout
web3.eth.transactionPollingTimeout
web3.shh.transactionPollingTimeout
...

The transactionPollingTimeout will be used over a HTTP connection. This option does define the amount of polls (each second) it should wait until the first confirmation happens.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionPollingTimeout


transactionSigner

web3.eth.transactionSigner
...

The transactionSigner property does provide us the possibility to customize the signing process of the Eth module and the related sub-modules.

The interface of a TransactionSigner:

interface TransactionSigner {
    sign(txObject: Transaction): Promise<SignedTransaction>
}

interface SignedTransaction {
    messageHash: string,
    v: string,
    r: string,
    s: string,
    rawTransaction: string
}

Returns

TransactionSigner: A JavaScript class of type TransactionSigner.


setProvider

web3.setProvider(myProvider)
web3.eth.setProvider(myProvider)
web3.shh.setProvider(myProvider)
...

Will change the provider for its module.

Note

When called on the umbrella package web3 it will also set the provider for all sub modules web3.eth, web3.shh, etc.

Parameters

  1. Object|String - provider: a valid provider
  2. Net - net: (optional) the node.js Net package. This is only required for the IPC provider.

Returns

Boolean

Example

import Web3 from 'web3';

const web3 = new Web3('http://localhost:8545');

// or
const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider('http://localhost:8545'));

// change provider
web3.setProvider('ws://localhost:8546');
// or
web3.setProvider(new Web3.providers.WebsocketProvider('ws://localhost:8546'));

// Using the IPC provider in node.js
const net = require('net');
const web3 = new Web3('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net); // mac os path

// or
const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.IpcProvider('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net)); // mac os path
// on windows the path is: '\\\\.\\pipe\\geth.ipc'
// on linux the path is: '/users/myuser/.ethereum/geth.ipc'

providers

Web3.providers
Eth.providers
...

Contains the current available providers.

Value

Object with the following providers:

  • Object - HttpProvider: The HTTP provider is deprecated, as it won’t work for subscriptions.
  • Object - WebsocketProvider: The Websocket provider is the standard for usage in legacy browsers.
  • Object - IpcProvider: The IPC provider is used node.js dapps when running a local node. Gives the most secure connection.

Example

const Web3 = require('web3');
// use the given Provider, e.g in Mist, or instantiate a new websocket provider
const web3 = new Web3(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://localhost:8546');
// or
const web3 = new Web3(Web3.givenProvider || new Web3.providers.WebsocketProvider('ws://localhost:8546'));

// Using the IPC provider in node.js
const net = require('net');

const web3 = new Web3('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net); // mac os path
// or
const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.IpcProvider('/Users/myuser/Library/Ethereum/geth.ipc', net)); // mac os path
// on windows the path is: '\\\\.\\pipe\\geth.ipc'
// on linux the path is: '/users/myuser/.ethereum/geth.ipc'

givenProvider

Web3.givenProvider
web3.eth.givenProvider
web3.shh.givenProvider
...

When using web3.js in an Ethereum compatible browser, it will set with the current native provider by that browser. Will return the given provider by the (browser) environment, otherwise null.

Returns

Object: The given provider set or false.

Example

web3.setProvider(Web3.givenProvider || 'ws://localhost:8546');

currentProvider

web3.currentProvider
web3.eth.currentProvider
web3.shh.currentProvider
...

Will return the current provider.

Returns

Object: The current provider set.

Example

if (!web3.currentProvider) {
    web3.setProvider('http://localhost:8545');
}

BatchRequest

new web3.BatchRequest()
new web3.eth.BatchRequest()
new web3.shh.BatchRequest()
...

Class to create and execute batch requests.

Parameters

none

Returns

Object: With the following methods:

  • add(request): To add a request object to the batch call.
  • execute(): Will execute the batch request.

Example

const contract = new web3.eth.Contract(abi, address);

const batch = new web3.BatchRequest();
batch.add(web3.eth.getBalance.request('0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000', 'latest'));
batch.add(contract.methods.balance(address).call.request({from: '0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000'}));
batch.execute().then(...);

getProtocolVersion

web3.eth.getProtocolVersion([callback])

Returns the Ethereum protocol version of the node.

Returns

Promise<string> - The protocol version.

Example

web3.eth.getProtocolVersion().then(console.log);
> "63"

isSyncing

web3.eth.isSyncing([callback])

Checks if the node is currently syncing and returns either a syncing object, or false.

Returns

Promise<object|boolean> - A sync object when the node is currently syncing or false:

  • startingBlock - Number: The block number where the sync started.
  • currentBlock - Number: The block number where at which block the node currently synced to already.
  • highestBlock - Number: The estimated block number to sync to.
  • knownStates - Number: The estimated states to download
  • pulledStates - Number: The already downloaded states

Example

web3.eth.isSyncing()
.then(console.log);

> {
    startingBlock: 100,
    currentBlock: 312,
    highestBlock: 512,
    knownStates: 234566,
    pulledStates: 123455
}

getCoinbase

web3.eth.getCoinbase([callback])

Returns the coinbase address to which mining rewards will go.

Returns

Promise<string> - The coinbase address set in the node for mining rewards.

Example

web3.eth.getCoinbase().then(console.log);
> "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe"

isMining

web3.eth.isMining([callback])

Checks whether the node is mining or not.

Returns

Promise<boolean> - Returns true if the node is mining, otherwise false.

Example

web3.eth.isMining().then(console.log);
> true

getHashrate

web3.eth.getHashrate([callback])

Returns the number of hashes per second that the node is mining with.

Returns

Promise<number> - The Number of hashes per second.

Example

web3.eth.getHashrate().then(console.log);
> 493736

getGasPrice

web3.eth.getGasPrice([callback])

Returns the current gas price oracle. The gas price is determined by the last few blocks median gas price. GasPrice is the wei per unit of gas,.

Returns

Promise<string> - Number string of the current gas price in wei.

See the A note on dealing with big numbers in JavaScript.

Example

web3.eth.getGasPrice().then(console.log);
> "20000000000"

getAccounts

web3.eth.getAccounts([callback])

Will return a list of the unlocked accounts in the Web3 wallet or it will return the accounts from the currently connected node.

This means you can add accounts with web3.eth.accounts.create() and you will get them returned here.

Returns

Promise<Array> - An array of addresses controlled by node.

Example

web3.eth.getAccounts().then(console.log);
> ["0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe", "0xDCc6960376d6C6dEa93647383FfB245CfCed97Cf"]

getBlockNumber

web3.eth.getBlockNumber([callback])

Returns the current block number.

Returns

Promise<number> - The number of the most recent block.

Example

web3.eth.getBlockNumber().then(console.log);
> 2744

getBalance

web3.eth.getBalance(address [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the balance of an address at a given block.

Parameters

  1. String - The address to get the balance of.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The current balance for the given address in wei.

See the A note on dealing with big numbers in JavaScript.

Example

web3.eth.getBalance("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1").then(console.log);
> "1000000000000"

getStorageAt

web3.eth.getStorageAt(address, position [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the storage at a specific position of an address.

Parameters

  1. String - The address to get the storage from.
  2. Number - The index position of the storage.
  3. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  4. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The value in storage at the given position.

Example

web3.eth.getStorageAt("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1", 0).then(console.log);
> "0x033456732123ffff2342342dd12342434324234234fd234fd23fd4f23d4234"

getCode

web3.eth.getCode(address [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the code at a specific address.

Parameters

  1. String - The address to get the code from.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The data at given address address.

Example

web3.eth.getCode("0xd5677cf67b5aa051bb40496e68ad359eb97cfbf8").then(console.log);
> "0x600160008035811a818181146012578301005b601b6001356025565b8060005260206000f25b600060078202905091905056"

getBlock

web3.eth.getBlock(blockHashOrBlockNumber [, returnTransactionObjects] [, callback])

Returns a block matching the block number or block hash.

Parameters

  1. String|Number - The block number or block hash. Or the string "genesis", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Boolean - (optional, default false) If true, the returned block will contain all transactions as objects, if false it will only contains the transaction hashes.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<object> - The block object:

  • number - Number: The block number. null when its pending block.
  • hash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the block. null when its pending block.
  • parentHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the parent block.
  • nonce 8 Bytes - String: Hash of the generated proof-of-work. null when its pending block.
  • sha3Uncles 32 Bytes - String: SHA3 of the uncles data in the block.
  • logsBloom 256 Bytes - String: The bloom filter for the logs of the block. null when its pending block.
  • transactionsRoot 32 Bytes - String: The root of the transaction trie of the block
  • stateRoot 32 Bytes - String: The root of the final state trie of the block.
  • receiptsRoot 32 Bytes - String: Transaction receipts are used to store the state after a transaction has been executed and are kept in an index-keyed trie. The hash of its root is placed in the block header as the receipts root.
  • miner - String: The address of the beneficiary to whom the mining rewards were given.
  • difficulty - String: Integer of the difficulty for this block.
  • totalDifficulty - String: Integer of the total difficulty of the chain until this block.
  • extraData - String: The “extra data” field of this block.
  • size - Number: Integer the size of this block in bytes.
  • gasLimit - Number: The maximum gas allowed in this block.
  • gasUsed - Number: The total used gas by all transactions in this block.
  • timestamp - Number | String: The unix timestamp for when the block was collated (returns a string if a overflow got detected).
  • transactions - Array: Array of transaction objects, or 32 Bytes transaction hashes depending on the returnTransactionObjects parameter.
  • uncles - Array: Array of uncle hashes.

Example

web3.eth.getBlock(3150).then(console.log);
> {
    "number": 3,
    "hash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
    "parentHash": "0x2302e1c0b972d00932deb5dab9eb2982f570597d9d42504c05d9c2147eaf9c88",
    "nonce": "0xfb6e1a62d119228b",
    "sha3Uncles": "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
    "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    "transactionsRoot": "0x3a1b03875115b79539e5bd33fb00d8f7b7cd61929d5a3c574f507b8acf415bee",
    "stateRoot": "0xf1133199d44695dfa8fd1bcfe424d82854b5cebef75bddd7e40ea94cda515bcb",
    "receiptsRoot: '0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421',
    "miner": "0x8888f1f195afa192cfee860698584c030f4c9db1",
    "difficulty": '21345678965432',
    "totalDifficulty": '324567845321',
    "size": 616,
    "extraData": "0x",
    "gasLimit": 3141592,
    "gasUsed": 21662,
    "timestamp": 1429287689,
    "transactions": [
        "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b"
    ],
    "uncles": []
}

getBlockTransactionCount

web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount(blockHashOrBlockNumber [, callback])

Returns the number of transaction in a given block.

Parameters

  1. String|Number - The block number or hash. Or the string "genesis", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<number> - The number of transactions in the given block.

Example

web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1").then(console.log);
> 1

getUncle

web3.eth.getUncle(blockHashOrBlockNumber, uncleIndex [, callback])

Returns a blocks uncle by a given uncle index position.

Parameters

  1. String|Number - The block number or hash. Or the string "genesis", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Number - The index position of the uncle.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<object> - The returned uncle. For a return value see web3.eth.getBlock().

Note

An uncle doesn’t contain individual transactions.

Example

web3.eth.getUncle(500, 0).then(console.log);
> // see web3.eth.getBlock

getTransaction

web3.eth.getTransaction(transactionHash [, callback])

Returns a transaction matching the given transaction hash.

Parameters

  1. String - The transaction hash.
  2. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<object> - A transaction object its hash transactionHash:

  • hash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the transaction.
  • nonce - Number: The number of transactions made by the sender prior to this one.
  • blockHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the block where this transaction was in. null when its pending.
  • blockNumber - Number: Block number where this transaction was in. null when its pending.
  • transactionIndex - Number: Integer of the transactions index position in the block. null when its pending.
  • from - String: Address of the sender.
  • to - String: Address of the receiver. null when its a contract creation transaction.
  • value - String: Value transferred in wei.
  • gasPrice - String: The wei per unit of gas provided by the sender in wei.
  • gas - Number: Gas provided by the sender.
  • input - String: The data sent along with the transaction.

Example

web3.eth.getTransaction('0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b§234').then(console.log);
> {
    "hash": "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b",
    "nonce": 2,
    "blockHash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
    "blockNumber": 3,
    "transactionIndex": 0,
    "from": "0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b",
    "to": "0x6295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f",
    "value": '123450000000000000',
    "gas": 314159,
    "gasPrice": '2000000000000',
    "input": "0x57cb2fc4"
}

getPendingTransactions

web3.eth.getPendingTransactions([, callback])

Returns a list of pending transactions.

Parameters

  1. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<object[]> - Array of pending transactions:

  • hash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the transaction.
  • nonce - Number: The number of transactions made by the sender prior to this one.
  • blockHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the block where this transaction was in. null when its pending.
  • blockNumber - Number: Block number where this transaction was in. null when its pending.
  • transactionIndex - Number: Integer of the transactions index position in the block. null when its pending.
  • from - String: Address of the sender.
  • to - String: Address of the receiver. null when its a contract creation transaction.
  • value - String: Value transferred in wei.
  • gasPrice - String: The wei per unit of gas provided by the sender in wei.
  • gas - Number: Gas provided by the sender.
  • input - String: The data sent along with the transaction.

Example

 web3.eth.getPendingTransactions().then(console.log);
 >  [
     {
         hash: '0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b',
         nonce: 2,
         blockHash: '0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46',
         blockNumber: 3,
         transactionIndex: 0,
         from: '0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b',
         to: '0x6295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f',
         value: '123450000000000000',
         gas: 314159,
         gasPrice: '2000000000000',
         input: '0x57cb2fc4'
         v: '0x3d',
         r: '0xaabc9ddafffb2ae0bac4107697547d22d9383667d9e97f5409dd6881ce08f13f',
         s: '0x69e43116be8f842dcd4a0b2f760043737a59534430b762317db21d9ac8c5034'
     },....,{
         hash: '0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b',
         nonce: 3,
         blockHash: '0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46',
         blockNumber: 4,
         transactionIndex: 0,
         from: '0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b',
         to: '0x6295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f',
         value: '123450000000000000',
         gas: 314159,
         gasPrice: '2000000000000',
         input: '0x57cb2fc4'
         v: '0x3d',
         r: '0xaabc9ddafffb2ae0bac4107697547d22d9383667d9e97f5409dd6881ce08f13f',
         s: '0x69e43116be8f842dcd4a0b2f760043737a59534430b762317db21d9ac8c5034'
     }
]

getTransactionFromBlock

getTransactionFromBlock(hashStringOrNumber, indexNumber [, callback])

Returns a transaction based on a block hash or number and the transactions index position.

Parameters

  1. String - A block number or hash. Or the string "genesis", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Number - The transactions index position.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<object> - A transaction object, see web3.eth.getTransaction:

Example

const transaction = web3.eth.getTransactionFromBlock('0x4534534534', 2).then(console.log);
> // see web3.eth.getTransaction

getTransactionReceipt

web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt(hash [, callback])

Returns the receipt of a transaction by transaction hash.

Note

The receipt is not available for pending transactions and returns null.

Parameters

  1. String - The transaction hash.
  2. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise returns Object - A transaction receipt object, or null when no receipt was found:

  • status - Boolean: TRUE if the transaction was successful, FALSE, if the EVM reverted the transaction.
  • blockHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the block where this transaction was in.
  • blockNumber - Number: Block number where this transaction was in.
  • transactionHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the transaction.
  • transactionIndex- Number: Integer of the transactions index position in the block.
  • from - String: Address of the sender.
  • to - String: Address of the receiver. null when its a contract creation transaction.
  • contractAddress - String: The contract address created, if the transaction was a contract creation, otherwise null.
  • cumulativeGasUsed - Number: The total amount of gas used when this transaction was executed in the block.
  • gasUsed- Number: The amount of gas used by this specific transaction alone.
  • logs - Array: Array of log objects, which this transaction generated.

Example

const receipt = web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt('0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b')
                        .then(console.log);
> {
  "status": true,
  "transactionHash": "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b",
  "transactionIndex": 0,
  "blockHash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
  "blockNumber": 3,
  "contractAddress": "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe",
  "cumulativeGasUsed": 314159,
  "gasUsed": 30234,
  "logs": [{
         // logs as returned by getPastLogs, etc.
     }, ...]
}

getTransactionCount

web3.eth.getTransactionCount(address [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the numbers of transactions sent from this address.

Parameters

  1. String - The address to get the numbers of transactions from.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<number> - The number of transactions sent from the given address.

Example

web3.eth.getTransactionCount("0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe").then(console.log);
> 1

sendTransaction

web3.eth.sendTransaction(transactionObject [, callback])

Sends a transaction to the network.

Parameters

  1. Object - The transaction object to send:
  • from - String|Number: The address for the sending account. Uses the web3.eth.defaultAccount property, if not specified. Or an address or index of a local wallet in web3.eth.accounts.wallet.
  • to - String: (optional) The destination address of the message, left undefined for a contract-creation transaction.
  • value - Number|String|BN|BigNumber: (optional) The value transferred for the transaction in wei, also the endowment if it’s a contract-creation transaction.
  • gas - Number: (optional, default: To-Be-Determined) The amount of gas to use for the transaction (unused gas is refunded).
  • gasPrice - Number|String|BN|BigNumber: (optional) The price of gas for this transaction in wei, defaults to web3.eth.gasPrice.
  • data - String: (optional) Either a ABI byte string containing the data of the function call on a contract, or in the case of a contract-creation transaction the initialisation code.
  • nonce - Number: (optional) Integer of a nonce. This allows to overwrite your own pending transactions that use the same nonce.
  1. callback - Function: (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Note

The from property can also be an address or index from the web3.eth.accounts.wallet. It will then sign locally using the private key of that account, and send the transaction via web3.eth.sendSignedTransaction().

Returns

The callback will return the 32 bytes transaction hash.

PromiEvent: A promise combined event emitter. Will be resolved when the transaction receipt is available. Additionally the following events are available:

  • "transactionHash" returns String: Is fired right after the transaction is sent and a transaction hash is available.
  • "receipt" returns Object: Is fired when the transaction receipt is available.
  • "confirmation" returns Number, Object: Is fired for every confirmation up to the 12th confirmation. Receives the confirmation number as the first and the receipt as the second argument. Fired from confirmation 0 on, which is the block where its minded.
  • "error" returns Error: Is fired if an error occurs during sending. If a out of gas error, the second parameter is the receipt.

Example

// compiled solidity source code using https://remix.ethereum.org
const code = "603d80600c6000396000f3007c01000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000350463c6888fa18114602d57005b6007600435028060005260206000f3";


// using the callback
web3.eth.sendTransaction({
    from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe',
    data: code // deploying a contract
}, function(error, hash){
    ...
});

// using the promise
web3.eth.sendTransaction({
    from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe',
    to: '0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe',
    value: '1000000000000000'
})
.then(function(receipt){
    ...
});


// using the event emitter
web3.eth.sendTransaction({
    from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe',
    to: '0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe',
    value: '1000000000000000'
})
.on('transactionHash', function(hash){
    ...
})
.on('receipt', function(receipt){
    ...
})
.on('confirmation', function(confirmationNumber, receipt){ ... })
.on('error', console.error); // If a out of gas error, the second parameter is the receipt.

sendSignedTransaction

web3.eth.sendSignedTransaction(signedTransactionData [, callback])

Sends an already signed transaction, generated for example using web3.eth.accounts.signTransaction.

Parameters

  1. String - Signed transaction data in HEX format
  2. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

PromiEvent: A promise combined event emitter. Will be resolved when the transaction receipt is available.

Please see the return values for web3.eth.sendTransaction for details.

Example

const Tx = require('ethereumjs-tx');
const privateKey = new Buffer('e331b6d69882b4cb4ea581d88e0b604039a3de5967688d3dcffdd2270c0fd109', 'hex')

const rawTx = {
  nonce: '0x00',
  gasPrice: '0x09184e72a000',
  gasLimit: '0x2710',
  to: '0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000',
  value: '0x00',
  data: '0x7f7465737432000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000600057'
}

const tx = new Tx(rawTx);
tx.sign(privateKey);

const serializedTx = tx.serialize();

// console.log(serializedTx.toString('hex'));
// 0xf889808609184e72a00082271094000000000000000000000000000000000000000080a47f74657374320000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000571ca08a8bbf888cfa37bbf0bb965423625641fc956967b81d12e23709cead01446075a01ce999b56a8a88504be365442ea61239198e23d1fce7d00fcfc5cd3b44b7215f

web3.eth.sendSignedTransaction('0x' + serializedTx.toString('hex'))
.on('receipt', console.log);

> // see eth.getTransactionReceipt() for details

sign

web3.eth.sign(dataToSign, address [, callback])

Signs data using a specific account. This account needs to be unlocked.

Parameters

  1. String - Data to sign. If String it will be converted using web3.utils.utf8ToHex.
  2. String|Number - Address to sign data with. Or an address or index of a local wallet in web3.eth.accounts.wallet.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Note

The 2. address parameter can also be an address or index from the web3.eth.accounts.wallet. It will then sign locally using the private key of this account.

Returns

Promise<string> - The signature.

Example

web3.eth.sign("Hello world", "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe")
.then(console.log);
> "0x30755ed65396facf86c53e6217c52b4daebe72aa4941d89635409de4c9c7f9466d4e9aaec7977f05e923889b33c0d0dd27d7226b6e6f56ce737465c5cfd04be400"

// the below is the same
web3.eth.sign(web3.utils.utf8ToHex("Hello world"), "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe")
.then(console.log);
> "0x30755ed65396facf86c53e6217c52b4daebe72aa4941d89635409de4c9c7f9466d4e9aaec7977f05e923889b33c0d0dd27d7226b6e6f56ce737465c5cfd04be400"

signTransaction

web3.eth.signTransaction(transactionObject [, address,] [, callback])

Signs a transaction with the private key of the given address. If the given address is a local unlocked account, the transaction will be signed locally.

Parameters

1. Object - The transaction data to sign web3.eth.sendTransaction() for more. 1. string - The address of the account. 3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<object> - The RLP encoded transaction. The raw property can be used to send the transaction using web3.eth.sendSignedTransaction.

Example

web3.eth.signTransaction({
    from: "0xEB014f8c8B418Db6b45774c326A0E64C78914dC0",
    gasPrice: "20000000000",
    gas: "21000",
    to: '0x3535353535353535353535353535353535353535',
    value: "1000000000000000000",
    data: ""
}).then(console.log);
> {
    raw: '0xf86c808504a817c800825208943535353535353535353535353535353535353535880de0b6b3a76400008025a04f4c17305743700648bc4f6cd3038ec6f6af0df73e31757007b7f59df7bee88da07e1941b264348e80c78c4027afc65a87b0a5e43e86742b8ca0823584c6788fd0',
    tx: {
        nonce: '0x0',
        gasPrice: '0x4a817c800',
        gas: '0x5208',
        to: '0x3535353535353535353535353535353535353535',
        value: '0xde0b6b3a7640000',
        input: '0x',
        v: '0x25',
        r: '0x4f4c17305743700648bc4f6cd3038ec6f6af0df73e31757007b7f59df7bee88d',
        s: '0x7e1941b264348e80c78c4027afc65a87b0a5e43e86742b8ca0823584c6788fd0',
        hash: '0xda3be87732110de6c1354c83770aae630ede9ac308d9f7b399ecfba23d923384'
    }
}

call

web3.eth.call(callObject [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Executes a message call transaction, which is directly executed in the VM of the node, but never mined into the blockchain.

Parameters

  1. Object - A transaction object see web3.eth.sendTransaction, with the difference that for calls the from property is optional as well.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<string> - The returned data of the call, e.g. a smart contract functions return value.

Example

web3.eth.call({
    to: "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe", // contract address
    data: "0xc6888fa10000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003"
}).then(console.log);
> "0x000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000a"

estimateGas

web3.eth.estimateGas(callObject [, callback])

Executes a message call or transaction and returns the amount of the gas used.

Parameters

  1. Object - A transaction object see web3.eth.sendTransaction, with the difference that for calls the from property is optional as well.
  2. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<number> - The used gas for the simulated call/transaction.

Example

web3.eth.estimateGas({
    to: "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe",
    data: "0xc6888fa10000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003"
}).then(console.log);
> "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000015"

getPastLogs

web3.eth.getPastLogs(options [, callback])

Gets past logs, matching the given options.

Parameters

  1. Object - The filter options as follows:
  • fromBlock - Number|String: The number of the earliest block ("latest" may be given to mean the most recent and "pending" currently mining, block). By default "latest".
  • toBlock - Number|String: The number of the latest block ("latest" may be given to mean the most recent and "pending" currently mining, block). By default "latest".
  • address - String|Array: An address or a list of addresses to only get logs from particular account(s).
  • topics - Array: An array of values which must each appear in the log entries. The order is important, if you want to leave topics out use null, e.g. [null, '0x12...']. You can also pass an array for each topic with options for that topic e.g. [null, ['option1', 'option2']]

Returns

Promise<Array> - Array of log objects.

The structure of the returned event Object in the Array looks as follows:

  • address - String: From which this event originated from.
  • data - String: The data containing non-indexed log parameter.
  • topics - Array: An array with max 4 32 Byte topics, topic 1-3 contains indexed parameters of the log.
  • logIndex - Number: Integer of the event index position in the block.
  • transactionIndex - Number: Integer of the transaction’s index position, the event was created in.
  • transactionHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the transaction this event was created in.
  • blockHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the block where this event was created in. null when its still pending.
  • blockNumber - Number: The block number where this log was created in. null when still pending.

Example

web3.eth.getPastLogs({
    address: "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe",
    topics: ["0x033456732123ffff2342342dd12342434324234234fd234fd23fd4f23d4234"]
}).then(console.log);
> [{
    data: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
    topics: ['0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7', '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385']
    logIndex: 0,
    transactionIndex: 0,
    transactionHash: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
    blockHash: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    blockNumber: 1234,
    address: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'
},{...}]

getWork

web3.eth.getWork([callback])

Gets work for miners to mine on. Returns the hash of the current block, the seedHash, and the boundary condition to be met (“target”).

Parameters

  1. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<Array> - The mining work with the following structure:

  • String 32 Bytes - at index 0: current block header pow-hash
  • String 32 Bytes - at index 1: the seed hash used for the DAG.
  • String 32 Bytes - at index 2: the boundary condition (“target”), 2^256 / difficulty.

Example

web3.eth.getWork().then(console.log);
> [
  "0x1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef",
  "0x5EED00000000000000000000000000005EED0000000000000000000000000000",
  "0xd1ff1c01710000000000000000000000d1ff1c01710000000000000000000000"
]

submitWork

web3.eth.submitWork(nonce, powHash, digest, [callback])

Used for submitting a proof-of-work solution.

Parameters

  1. String 8 Bytes: The nonce found (64 bits)
  2. String 32 Bytes: The header’s pow-hash (256 bits)
  3. String 32 Bytes: The mix digest (256 bits)
  4. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<boolean> - Returns true if the provided solution is valid, otherwise false.

Example

web3.eth.submitWork([
    "0x0000000000000001",
    "0x1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef",
    "0xD1FE5700000000000000000000000000D1FE5700000000000000000000000000"
])
.then(console.log);
> true

requestAccounts

web3.eth.requestAccounts([callback])

This method will request/enable the accounts from the current environment it is running (Metamask, Status or Mist). It doesn’t work if you’re connected to a node with a default Web3.js provider. (WebsocketProvider, HttpProvidder and IpcProvider) This method will only work if you’re using the injected provider from a application like Status, Mist or Metamask.

For further information about the behavior of this method please read the EIP of it: EIP-1102

Parameters

  1. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<Array> - Returns an array of enabled accounts.

Example

web3.eth.requestAccounts().then(console.log);
> ['0aae0B295369a9FD31d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb692BAf', 0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe]

getChainId

web3.eth.getChainId([callback])

Returns the chain ID of the current connected node as described in the EIP-695.

Returns

Promise<Number> - Returns chain ID.

Example

web3.eth.getChainId().then(console.log);
> 61

getNodeInfo

web3.eth.getNodeInfo([callback])

Returns

Promise<String> - The current client version.

Example

web3.eth.getNodeInfo().then(console.log);
> "Mist/v0.9.3/darwin/go1.4.1"

getProof

web3.eth.getProof(address, storageKey, blockNumber, [callback])

Returns the account and storage-values of the specified account including the Merkle-proof as described in EIP-1186.

Parameters

  1. String 20 Bytes: The Address of the account or contract.
  2. Array 32 Bytes: Array of storage-keys which should be proofed and included. See web3.eth.getStorageAt.
  3. Number | String | "latest" | "earliest": Integer block number, or the string “latest” or “earliest”.
  4. Function - (optional) Optional callback, returns an error object as first parameter and the result as second.

Returns

Promise<Object> - A account object.

balance - The balance of the account. See web3.eth.getBalance. codeHash - hash of the code of the account. For a simple Account without code it will return “0xc5d2460186f7233c927e7db2dcc703c0e500b653ca82273b7bfad8045d85a470” nonce - Nonce of the account. storageHash - SHA3 of the StorageRoot. All storage will deliver a MerkleProof starting with this rootHash. accountProof - Array of rlp-serialized MerkleTree-Nodes, starting with the stateRoot-Node, following the path of the SHA3 (address) as key. storageProof - Array of storage-entries as requested. key - The requested storage key. value - The storage value.

Example

web3.eth.getProof(
    "0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567890",
    ["0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000","0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"],
    "latest"
).then(console.log);
> {
    "address": "0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567890",
    "accountProof": [
        "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",
        "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",
        "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",
        "0xf851808080a009833150c367df138f1538689984b8a84fc55692d3d41fe4d1e5720ff5483a6980808080808080808080a0a319c1c415b271afc0adcb664e67738d103ac168e0bc0b7bd2da7966165cb9518080"
        ],
        "balance": 0,
        "codeHash": "0xc5d2460186f7233c927e7db2dcc703c0e500b653ca82273b7bfad8045d85a470",
        "nonce": 0,
        "storageHash": "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421",
        "storageProof": [
        {
            "key": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
            "value": '0',
            "proof": []
        },
        {
            "key": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001",
            "value": '0',
            "proof": []
        }
    ]
}